Wireless gesture control of Arduino using LeapMotion and ESP8266

After having played around with Wirelessly Controlling Arduino with LeapMotion through Bluetooth 2 years back, I didn’t get an opportunity to tinker more with LeapMotion and Arduino. I installed a couple of Apps from the App Store and played around.

When the call for project submissions for India’s first Mini Maker Faire opened, I decided to re-do this project, albeit use the popular ESP8266 WiFi module instead of a Bluetooth one.

To get started with, I updated the LeapMotion’s SDK and noticed a bunch of improvements including new features in the Motion Visualizer. I cloned my earlier code and started testing out the Java example.

After getting this done, we now had to program the Arduino to configure the ESP8266 to receive data and then have fun. In my first approach, I tried to use the ESP8266 as a in Client Mode, wherein it connected to the WiFi Router and receive data from my PC. This seemed cumbersome as I had to carry the WiFi Router to demo the project. I decided to configure the ESP8266 in Access Point Mode (AP/Hotspot) and get the PC directly talking to the ESP as a Client.

After writing a simple Client Socket code in Java, and testing out if the data was being received at the ESP, it was now time to glue them all together.

And this is how it started off:

Getting started with assembling them together

I had a printed Raptor Hand and I felt the demo would be made much better by getting a Human Arm control a Prosthetic Arm 🙂

Raptor Prosthetic Arm I’m using a simple SG-90 Servo Motor to control the Arm movement.

After gluing, filing and threading around, the project was almost in shape and ready to be demoed at the Maker Faire.

And after dozens of man-hours, we finally got it all working:

The LeapMotion counts the number of fingers and sends it over the to an Arduino Leonardo derivative board which has an ESP8266 (ESP03) hard-wired beneath. The following actions take place:

Finger(s) Count: 1 –> Turn ON Yellow Light
Finger(s) Count: 2 –> Turn OFF Yellow Light
Finger(s) Count: 3 –> Turn ON Red Light
Finger(s) Count: 4 –> Turn OFF Yellow Light
Finger(s) Count: 0 –> Close Arm
Finger(s) Count: 5 –> Open Arm

It was now time to show this “off” at the Maker Faire:

All set up at the Maker Faire booth

Most of the folks enjoyed opening/closing of the prosthetic Arm. Half of the folks I met didn’t know what a LeapMotion was and I had to patiently explain them what it was and then moved onto explain why I was doing this wireless Hardware integration.

Kids enjoyed a lot (and I had a good time interacting with them) and other Makers.

Kids tinkering with the demo

And now, let’s dig into the working and the code behind all this fun.

The entire code (Java and Arduino) can be cloned from here: https://bitbucket.org/anwaarullah/wireless-arduino-control-using-leapmotion-and-esp8266

Quick Code Notes:

  • The method establishWiFiConnection() in Arduino configures the ESP8266 in Client Mode and createWiFiHotspotServer()  configures ESP in AP mode.
  • I’m using an Arduino Leonardo which has the Hard Serial Port wired to Serial1 class. If you’re using a Uno, you can use Software Serial
  • Digital Pins 11 and 12 are connected to a 4 Channel Relay Module (which is active low triggered)
  • The IP Address in Java Class 192.168.4.1 is the IP Address of the ESP when running in AP mode. When running the ESP in Client Mode, replace this with the dynamic IP assigned to the ESP

If you need any help in implementing this (or other related stuff), you can email me on syed {Shift+2} anwaarullah d0t com.

Thanks and happy Leaping 🙂

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Author: Anwaarullah

Designer, Developer, Maker, Speaker, Educator and Dreamer. ♥ Tinkering with Embedded, Android, Open Soft/Hard/Firm ware, Robotics and 3D Printer. Talk to me at syed {Shift+2} anwaarullah dash com

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